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Wednesday, April 14, 2010

53-Goat Farming

Goat Farming

Goat is known as ‘Poor man’s cow’ in India and is a very important component in dry land farming system. Marginal or undulating lands unsuitable for other types of animals like cow or buffalo, goat is the best alternative. With very low investments goat rearing can be made in to a profitable venture for small and marginal farmers.
Who can start this?
  • Small and marginal farmers
  • Landless labourers
  • Availability of common grazing lands

Reasons to start
  • Low capital investment and quick return
  • Simple and small shed is enough
  • Profitable under stall fed condition.
  • High prolific rate of goats
  • Year around job
  • meat is lean & has low fats and is liked by all people
  • Can be sold and encashed anytime

Which Breed is Right for You?
  • Fairly tall animal
  • Has a strongly arched Roman nose and long pendulous ears which are about 12 inches long in adult Jamunapari.
  • Buck weighs about  65-85 kgs and does weighs about 45-60 kgs
  • one kid per kidding
  • six months kid weighs about 15 kg
  • Milk production is about 2-2.5 lit/day.      
  • Goat are in white, brown and black colors
  • Kidding size is 2-3 kids
  • Buck weighs about  40-50 kgs and does weighs about 30 kgs
  • Rearing for meat all over the world
  • Has a fast growth rate
  • Buck weighs about  110-135 kgs and does weighs about 90-100 kgs
  • Kids weighs about 20-30 kgs at 90 days of age
Selection of goats for breeding
  • should have kidding size of 2- 3 kids
  • should mature at 6- 9 months
  • Tall with broad chest and slender body
  • matures at age of 9- 12 months
  • Select kids with good body weight at 6 months of age
  • select from dam of 2- 3 kidding size

Housing for goats
1. Deep litter system
  • A small shed with good cross ventilation is enough to keep a small herd.
  • Litter height should be atleat 6cms.
  • Litter material maybe of sawdust, paddy husk and groundnut shell.
  • The litter material has to be turned periodically to remove the foul odour in the pen.
  • Litter material should be replaced once in  every 2 weeks.
  • Each goat requires about 15 sq.ft area.
  • care should be taken to reduce the external parasitic infestation.
  • An adult goat produces about a tonne of manure in a year.

2. Raised platform system
  • wooden plank or wire mesh is placed about 3-4 ft from the ground level
  • External parasitic infestation is usually less in this method